Confused about Fructose? Safe or Unsafe? Fructose Explained
Fructose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide). It makes sucrose when it is joined to glucose. Sucrose can be found in corn, sugar cane, certain plants and sugar cane. Even though fructose can be found in lots of healthy produce such as fruits and vegetables, it is still in a lot of unhealthy “foods” such as those that are processed, such as grains and soy for example.
In the 1800s and early 1900s only around a half an ounce (15 grams) of fructose was consumed by the average American, which was by eating natural grown vegetables and fruits. Today the average American is consuming 55 grams per day. This is obviously a massive increase, and something our bodies have not, and are not prepared for, and the ramifications are extremely obvious in today’s society. It is right in front of our eyes considering the 75% of Americans we see walking around every day that are overweight.
Therefore, the consumption of fructose seems to run parallel with obesity, diabetes and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (a new condition in itself). This is exactly why we all need to be educated as much as possible about it so that we can protect ourselves and loved ones by being aware of its effects.
Fructose Vs. Glucose
Since when fructose is joined with glucose it forms sucrose it is important to know how they differ. Below are a few points of how glucose and fructose function within the body differently:
- Sugar and glucose metabolize very differently. For instance, when fructose is eaten, 100% of it is left for the liver to metabolize. It is only 20% of glucose. Because such a large amount of fructose relies on the liver it creates lots of toxins and waste products.
- Fructose has no effect on ghrelin the hunger hormone and interferes with the brain communication with leptin. Glucose suppresses ghrelin and stimulated leptin.
- Every cell in the body utilizes glucose and this includes the brain. However, fructose is turned into free fatty acids and is completely useless.
- When 120 calories of fructose are consumed, 40 calories of it will be stored in fat. This is a stark comparison to glucose, which only less than 1 calorie stored as fat when also 120 calories of it are consumed.
6 reasons to limit the amount of fructose you consume
So how is fructose-related to such health problems in the modern world, particularly in the western regions? Well, the liver metabolizes it and it turns into fat far more rapidly than any other sugar substance. It is the type of fat that collects around the organs and the abdominal region.
Eating a lot of fructose in the form of added sugar can have seriously debating effects on one’s body. A few of them are listed below:
- Gout, kidney stones, and elevated blood pressure can occur because of the increased blood levels of uric acid.
- Fructose can have the same effects on the liver alcohol. Non-alcoholic Fatty liver disease can occur.
- Fructose can make the liver synthesize fats that are then exported as VLDL cholesterol. This leads to dyslipidemia, fat around the organs and then heart disease.
- Leptin resistance may occur if excess fructose is consumed. This hormone controls metabolism in order to maintain a normal body weight. This can lead to obesity and people being overweight.
- Fructose in the gut can create gut flora imbalances. It promotes the growth of pathogenic bacteria. This can be a major issue for anyone who has stomach problems.
- Cancer cells proliferate with fructose as their energy source.
So what do you guys think? Will you be making an effort with lowering the amount of fructose you consume? Let us know in the comments below.